Kidney Anatomy Explained by CancerBro

Today, CancerBro will explain the Kidney anatomy.

Watch this video to know the anatomical position and structure of the kidney.

Video Transcript:

There is a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen, each of which is 4 to 5 inches long.

Their main function is to filter the blood and remove waste from the body and regulate the balance of fluids and electrolytes.

This tube-like structure, called ureter carries the urine produced after filtering the blood.

This funnel-like structure called renal pelvis is formed by dilated proximal part of the ureter in the kidney.

It is formed by the convergence of 2-3 major calyces. These structures called renal pyramids, consist of tubules that transport urine from cortical or outer part of the kidney to the calyces and then to the pelvis and ureter.

This structure called as Adrenal Gland or suprarenal gland is present above the kidney, which produces a number of steroid hormones.

Perirenal fact is the accumulation of fatty tissue that completely surrounds the kidney and is enclosed by a layer called Renal Fascia. Another name for which is Gerota’s Fascia.

Renal veins are the veins that carry the blood filtered by the kidney and ultimately drain into the Inferior Vena Cava.

Renal arteries are the branches of the aorta that carry blood from the heart to the kidneys for filtration.

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