First, we will discuss the normal anatomy of the female reproductive system.
This pear-shaped structure called the uterus is lined by endometrial lining from inside. The menstrual cycles in females are due to the regular shedding of this endometrial lining.
It is also called the womb, as it enlarges during pregnancy to accommodate the child.
This structure, which is present below the uterus is called the cervix. This global structure present lateral to the uterus on both sides is called an ovary.
The fallopian tube is the tubular structure which carries the ovum produced from the ovaries to the uterus.
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