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Soft Tissue Sarcoma: Symptoms and Early Signs

Soft tissue sarcoma may present with any one or more of the following symptoms. Sometimes there may be no symptoms, and sometimes other disease conditions may cause similar symptoms. Therefore, further investigations may be required to confirm the diagnosis.

The most common site for the development of STSs includes limbs (43%), visceral organs (19%), retroperitoneum (15%), the trunk (10%), and head and neck region (9%).

Following are some common soft tissue sarcoma symptoms:

  • The most common symptom of STS is a painless slow-growing mass. In about one-third cases the mass may be painful.
  • A pain in the abdomen or in the affected organ/tissue that usually gets worse over time.
  • Blood in vomitus, urine, or stool depending upon the site of the tumor.
  • Obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract by a tumor may lead to change in bowel habit, indigestion, feeling of fullness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and other related symptoms.
  • Obstruction of blood vessels by a growing tumor may cause fluid retention, edema, or swelling in the related area drained by the affected blood vessel.
  • Tumors affecting the eyes may cause blurred vision or other vision-related problems.
  • Unexplained weight loss, anemia, fatigue, and weakness may develop in some cases due to chronic blood loss.

Any one or more of the above symptoms if present may require further investigations.

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