The pancreatic cancer treatment depends on the overall stage, a location of the tumor, the performance status of the patient, along with other factors.
Surgical resection (complete removal) of tumors limited to the superficial layer of pancreatic duct cells generally provides long-term survival. However, a very few pancreatic cancers are diagnosed at an early stage and are considered surgically resectable.
Most of the pancreatic cancers are diagnosed at a higher stage when they have invaded in important nearby structures or have spread to distant organs and are considered unresectable.
Based on the results obtained from various clinical research studies, the following are the preferred pancreatic cancer treatment approach for different stages of cancer:
|I||T1-2 N0 M0||
Tumors are considered resectable
Radical pancreatic resection such as Whipple procedure (resection of pancreas and duodenum), or partial pancreatic resection (depending on location, extent of tumor, etc) is considered the preferred treatment approach in case of resectable tumors
|II||T1-3 N0-1 M0||
Tumors are considered borderline resectable
Chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy is generally employed followed by surgery (if disease become resectable)
|III||T4 N0-1 M0||
Tumors are considered unresectable
Chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy is generally warranted along with palliative therapy such as surgery (biliary/gastric bypass) or endoscopic biliary stent placement
Any T Any N M1
Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment in case the disease has spread to distant body parts
Along with the chemotherapy, palliative therapy to relieve pain or stent placement may be employed as and when required
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Watch the video below to understand the TREATMENT OF LOCALISED AND LOCALLY ADVANCED PANCREATIC CANCER.
And in the following video, CancerBro explains the TREATMENT OF METASTATIC PANCREATIC CANCER.
Following is the brief description of various pancreatic cancer treatment:
It is very important to assess the benefits of each treatment option versus the possible risks and side effects before making a treatment decision. Sometimes patient’s choice and health condition are also important to make a treatment choice. Following are ultimate goals for pancreatic cancer treatment:
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