In pancreatic cancer, the cancer cells are formed in the tissues of pancreas. Pancreas is a 12-15 cm long and 2.5 cm wide fish-like organ that consists of a wide head, a tapering body, and a narrow tail. It is situated behind the stomach with its head connected the duodenum (the initial portion of the small intestine) via two ducts: the pancreatic duct and the accessory duct.
It is made up of mainly 2 types of cells – the exocrine cells (99%) and the endocrine cells (1%). The main functions of the pancreas include secretion of digestive juice and several hormones (glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide).
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (affecting exocrine cells) is the most commonly encountered (95% of the cases) pancreatic cancer.
Let's learn more about pancreatic cancer with the help of these explainer videos and infographics.