The ovarian cancer treatment depends on the type of ovarian cancer, stage of the disease, performance status of the patient, along with other factors.
Following are the preferred treatment approaches for different stages of ovarian cancer, but the final decision is taken after clinical assessment of the patient by an oncologist.
|I||In case of Stage I epithelial ovarian cancer, upfront cytoreductive surgery is generally preferred. Chemotherapy may be added after surgery depending upon stage (IA/IB/IC), grade, and other factors.|
|II||In case of Stage II epithelial ovarian cancer, cytoreductive surgery followed by chemotherapy may be done in most cases.|
|III||In case of Stage III epithelial ovarian cancer, chemotherapy may be given before or after surgery. If the performance status of patient is poor or the disease is not upfront resectable, chemotherapy may be given before surgery, otherwise after surgery.|
|IV||In case of Stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer, chemotherapy is considered as the first-line treatment. Surgery may also be employed after chemotherapy depending on response. Other palliative treatment may be used to relieve the symptoms of advanced disease.|
Following is the brief description of various treatment types employed for ovarian cancer:
It is very important to assess the benefits of each treatment option versus the possible risks and side effects before making a treatment decision. Sometimes, patient’s choice and health condition are also important to make a treatment choice. Following are ultimate goals of treating ovarian cancer:
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