The kidney cancer treatment mainly depends on the stage, location of the tumor, whether unilateral/bilateral, performance status of the patient, along with other factors.
Following are the preferred treatment approaches for different stages of kidney cancer, but the final decision is taken after clinical assessment of the patient by an oncologist.
|I||T1 N0 M0||
Surgery (radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy) is considered the preferred treatment approach.
In case of patients who cannot have surgery, arterial embolization or ablation may be employed in selected cases.
|II||T2 N0 M0||Surgery (radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy) is considered the preferred treatment.|
T1-2 N1 M0
T3 N0-1 M0
|Surgery (radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy) is considered the preferred treatment.|
T4 Any N M0
Any T Any N M1
Systemic therapy with targeted drug and/or immunotherapy is the mainstay of treatment in most cases.
Surgical removal of the kidney with/without removal of metastasis may be done in selected cases.
Palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life may be employed.
Watch the video below to understand the TREATMENT OF LOCALISED AND LOCALLY ADVANCED KIDNEY CANCER.
And in the following video, CancerBro explains the TREATMENT OF METASTATIC KIDNEY CANCER.
Following is the brief description of various treatment types employed for kidney cancer:
It is very important to assess the benefits of each treatment option versus the possible risks and side effects before making a treatment decision. Sometimes patient’s choice and health condition are also important to make a treatment choice. Following are ultimate goals of treating kidney cancer:
-Prolongation of life
-Reduction of symptoms
-Improvement of overall quality of life
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