Risk factors are the inherited or acquired factors that increase the chance of developing cancer in a person. Several epidemiological studies have suggested a number of genetic and environmental factors that may predispose to Hodgkin's Lymphoma. A knowledge about them helps us to make necessary lifestyle choices.
Following is the list of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma risk factors:
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection: Individuals who have a history of EBV infection are considered to be at an increased risk of developing HL.
The exact mechanism of developing HL from EBV infection is not clear. Parts of EBV have been found in HL cells in some individuals.
- Weak immune system: Individuals with a weak immune system may be due to HIV infection, auto-immune disease, or immunosuppressants in patients who have undergone an organ transplant are considered at higher risk of developing HL.
- Family History: Individuals with a history of HL in close relatives are considered to be at an increased risk of developing HL. The risk is particularly very high in individuals who have an identical twin who got HL at a younger age.
- Age: HL is more common among individuals aged from 20 to 34 and individuals older than 55 years.
- Gender: HL is more common in males than females.
In the next section, you will read about the symptoms of Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
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